By Kenneth F. Kitchell Jr.
The historical Greeks and Romans lived in a global teeming with animals. Animals have been essential to old trade, warfare, love, literature and paintings. contained in the urban they have been came across as pets, pests, and parasites. they can be sacred, sacrificed, liminal, staff, or intruders from the wild. past town domesticated animals have been herded and bred for revenue and wild animals have been looked for excitement and achieve alike. experts like Aristotle, Aelian, Pliny and Seneca studied their anatomy and behaviour. Geographers and tourists defined new lands when it comes to their animals. Animals are to be noticeable on each attainable inventive medium, woven into fabric and inlaid into furnishings. they're the topic of proverbs, oaths and desires. Magicians, physicians and enthusiasts became to animals and their components for his or her crafts. They paraded sooner than kings, inhabited palaces, and entertained the negative within the enviornment. particularly actually, animals pervaded the traditional international from A-Z.
In entries starting from brief to lengthy, Kenneth Kitchell bargains perception into this mostly neglected international, overlaying consultant and exciting examples of mammals, reptiles, amphibians and invertebrates. time-honored animals equivalent to the cow, puppy, fox and donkey are taken care of besides extra unique animals corresponding to the babirussa, pangolin, and dugong. The proof adduced levels from Minoan instances to the past due Roman Empire and is taken from archaeology, historic authors, inscriptions, papyri, cash, mosaics and all different inventive media. every time attainable reasoned identifications are given for historic animal names and the realities in the back of animal lore are introduced forth. Why did the ancients imagine hippopotamuses practiced blood letting on themselves? How do you seize a monkey? Why have been hyenas considered hermaphroditic? used to be there particularly a vampire moth? Entries are observed via complete citations to old authors and an in depth bibliography.
Of use to Classics scholars and students, yet written in a method designed to have interaction an individual drawn to Greco-Roman antiquity, Animals within the old global from A to Z unearths the level and significance of the animal international to the traditional Greeks and Romans. It solutions many questions, asks a number of extra, and seeks to stimulate extra study during this vital box.
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Animals in the Ancient World from A to Z by Kenneth F. Kitchell Jr.